(The writer is Student with, Faculty Of Social Science, DU, New Delhi, India.)
Trilok Singh, Indian Army has decided to go hard and harsh for anti national people. We can’t say that, Modi’s Kashmir policy failed completely while, Modi’s kashmir Policy had been a very successful today. The Recent Steps which is taken by the Indian Army and ISRO (SAARC Satellite) is really Creative in nature. We never wants any other countries interference over J&K and its issue and also we know that Indian Army have ability to confront terrorist or so called Pakistani terrorist including Anti-National Peoples.
But the droppings of ISIS Flags in J&K, really becomes, both, Internal and External Security threats of India so we need to get rid about the same… For India it is strictly a bilateral affair between India and Pakistan and there is no role for any third party in this issue. There have been attempts by countries such as US to intervene and try to find a solution but India resisted those efforts and is not going to change its position….
However, The police are looking into a militant’s body being draped in an ISIS flag at his funeral procession in J&K. Pictures are up on social medias sites of Sajid Ahmad Gilkar’s body being draped in the flag of the terror group and being taken in a procession to his home in the Malaratta area of the city. Gilkar was killed, along with two other militants, in the Redbugh area of Budgam during an overnight encounter with our security forces, on July 13, 2017.
Recently, The kashmir people in fact the people who where responsible for creating instability feel it has failed, but it’s entirely opposite. Going into discussion, what was the point in just offering good scheme for development, when people shout anti National slogan. Healing touch for whom? Those who shout anti National slogan! So finally a right step taken…
In the recent Context of Amarnath terrorist attack, We (the people & the government) knew that there was an intelligence alert by the agency. If we fail to act against these terrorists even when we have such warnings, then it’s a lapse on our part. The Dy CM of J&K said that the bus was allowed to pass the check points after the designated hours, so we know it is the lapse on the part of the government who accepts it frankly and will likely be investigating it. I mourn the death of the pilgrims and am deeply saddened for the loss of their relatives, but if we don’t act on time, there may be more serious losses in future.
Dr. Ajay Gudavarthy wrote a article on Deccan Herald, “What is BJP’s Kashmir policy?”, July 01, 2017, Which critically indicates the BJPs policies on Kashmir. Further he argued that, Kashmir has remained in the headlines for the last two years. It began with the killing of Burhan Wani, followed by surgical strikes, attacks in Uri (and Pathankot in neighbouring Punjab), the house arrest of Pervez Khurram and increased stone pelting.
If the issue survives and keeps hogging the headlines, will it be the contentious issue on which the BJP will fight the general elections in 2019? Kashmir is one issue that holds a pan-India appeal and a chronic crisis in the Valley and a growing threat of its secession from India will create the anxiety that can consolidate the support for the BJP.
Further, Kashmir is an emotive issue that has the potential to sideline all other issues including that of development, growing unemployment and inflation, dipping GDP and the agrarian crisis. It is an issue that combines nationalism with communalism and is in line with BJP’s anti-Muslim mobilisation that seems to have yielded results in UP, Gudavarthy on Deccan Herald
India is trying everything. Indian govt. gives 10% of Central funds with only 1% of population, Modi announced Rs.80,000 crore package for J&K, whenever Kashmir devastated by flood – Indian Army wades into freezing water, promoted tourism by inaugurating India’s longest Tunnel in Jammu, etc but Pakistan funded Hurriyat netas do not want the peace. They are the actual reason behind the Kashmir issue.
Significantly, The extremely emotional narratives surrounding the Indian military – this hardly leaves any room for a government to bring down the tensions. Loss of soldiers is extremely saddening and the sacrifice should be commended, but India is bigger than the lives of the soldiers (not just soldiers, but lives of the individuals comprising the Indian society). It is in India’s self interests to solve the Kashmir issue, and launching a war as revenge for the loss of few lives is extremely asymmetric.
More Significantly, Kashmir is the home of the highest battleground in the world, many rivers originate from there, Kashmir for India acts as a front against both Pakistan and China and also the Karakorum highway and silk route pass through Kashmir. Further, There are many other things that are associated with Kashmir and since Pakistan can’t have it they started creating disturbances based on the very tool of religion. In the name of religion they became a bit successful in creating differences amongst the people and what we call “Kashmir issue” came into place.
It is a combination, The nature of the Indian political system – having the presence of numerous of opposing political groups or so called Anti-national or left wing groups makes it difficult for one to go with a solution. Further, The role of the ever louder and incitement-laden media sounding the alarms, many of which turn out of to be completely false…
Furthermore, The main reason we are actually facing the issues with this part of India is that Pakistan is aware of the strategic importance of the place and they know they cannot take Kashmir from India by any means in any amount of time. So, the only thing can be done there would be to create disturbance in the place at such an extent that they can actually benefit from it.
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Why is India unable to solve the Kashmir issue?
India-centric foreign policy of Pakistan: A key underlying driver of Pakistan’s foreign policy has been a desire for parity with India. It strives to bring artificial parity with its much larger eastern neighbor. It believes that Kashmir issue can be solved after it achieved military parity with India. In its quest for artificial parity with India it has conducted nuclear tests as response to India’s nuclear test. With both countries having enough nuclear arsenal to inflict irreparable damage on each other,theoretically the MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) principle of cold-war era should be applicable to sub-continent. This development should have sealed the LoC as permanent border. But Pakistan’s use of non-state actors has complicated the problem. Pakistan views agreeing to LoC as permanent border will amount to agreeing to India’s legitimacy over Kashmir and India’s supremacy. In a country where internal stability is maintained by perpetuating the fear of Indian attack on Pakistan, their elite cannot afford to resolve the conflict permanently.
Ideological clash: Pakistan and India have opposing ideologies. If Two-Nation theory is true then Kashmir should belong to Pakistan as it is Muslim dominated area. Even the name Pakistan is considered an acronym referring to five northern regions of British Raj: Punjab, Afghania(NWFP), Kashmir, Sindh and Baluchistan.
Therefore they believe Kashmir to be an integral part of Pakistan and are not ready to accept LoC as the permanent border. At the same time Kashmir has become a symbol as well as test of India’s secularism; it was, as Nehru put it, basic to the triumph of secularism over communal-ism in India. India is not ready to part with India controlled Kashmir and lose its secular credentials.
According to one survey of Kashmiri public opinion, 43% of the total adult population want complete independence for Kashmir. 1% of Azad Kashmir (in Pakistan-administered Kashmir) want to join India compared to 28% in Jammu and Kashmir (in Indian-administered Kashmir). 50% of Azad Kashmir want to join Pakistan compared to 2% in Jammu and Kashmir. 14% of the total population want to make the Line of Control a permanent border.
Solution contain following points:
- Maintain the status quo. That mean let the LOC be final accepted international border between India, China and Pakistan.
- Remove Article 370: India is Union of states. That means any person can live and purchase bunch of land anywhere in any state. Removing article 370 icebreak the thin line between Indians and Jammu and Kashmiri’s. Remove article 370 will led more business in Jammu and KAshmir. As per one of the estimates Bollywood expend its more expensive branch in J&K.
- Free Migration between Indian Administered J&K and Azad Kashmir and POK: This will led migration of those people who believe in Grass is greener in other side.
- Reestablishing Kashmiri Pandits: After decades, Kashmiri’s Pandits are still in doomsday. They need settlement with good business and infrastructure in their actual land Jammu and Kashmir.
- The first step would be to make the LOC just a line on the Map (Making Border irrelevant). Towards this end it was decided that cross-LOC travel n trade would be freed up.
- The second step would b to strengthen local self government on both ides of LOC, so that people elect their own government, if necessary under international supervision.
- If all this worked and peace was restored, then the fourth and final element of peace formula would be the “agreed withdrawal” of troops on both sides.
- If all this worked and peace was restored, then the fourth and final element of peace formula would be the “agreed withdrawal” of troops on both sides.. etc..
I personally feel that if we want to create peace then something’s should be changed with the basic structure of Kashmir. People should be made educated about what actually is going on. Kashmiris have to rise from the blanket of religion and hate and see what actually is good for them. Till the time these efforts are not made no significant change can come…
The real work towards a solution is progressing, but it is far removed from the Kabuki theatre in which both sides frequently engage in. It is usually the arena of the plebeians, and as long as it doesn’t infringe the real work being done, progress is made. There have been very few masters of the political game in India who have occupied the throne in Delhi – which explains why there has been such a small move towards a solution in Kashmir. Although time will tell how much work gets done under the Prime Ministership of Modi, but I am quite optimistic, for he seems to be a master long having mastered the art of the politics.
From the beginning Modi’s foreign policy seems to have stressed on reaching out to the South Asian neighbours. There is a huge difference in Modi’s approach in dealing with Pakistan and that of the previous NDA Govern-ment. The latter reached out to political parties and policy-makers in the country to shape a coherent Pakistan policy. Modi’s approach to deal with Pakistan is totally opposite and is considered to be more of a personalised diplomacy. There is no doubt he has been able to reshape India’s Pakistan policy in terms of engaging with the neighbour on its own terms but this should not be read as Pakistan being compelled to give into pressures from India. India-Pakistan relations have always been tumultuous from the inception and the issues cannot be solved without coherent strategies from both sides.
There is a need on the part of the Modi Government to spell out clearly its Pakistan policy and reach out to various sections to evolve a result-orientated policy-perspective. There have been many ups and downs in India-Pakistan relations under the Modi Government till now. The most important development was the revival of the comprehensive bilateral dialogue to resolve issues through discussions. The challenge will now be to keep terror and talks separate and not let a Pathankot-like incident hijack the whole Indo-Pak relations. At the moment the fate of the renewed bilateral dialogue has again become uncertain and it will be interesting to watch how Modi comes out of this dilemma to walk the talk….
(The writer is Student with Faculty Of Social Science, DU, New Delhi, India.)